IORA has pioneered the development of community based REDD+ programs and policies in India. Our REDD+ approach ensures efficiency, effectiveness and equity through thorough scientific analysis, extensive stakeholder engagement, community involvement, rigorous trainings and public-private partnerships.
Our REDD+ services at community, jurisdictional and national levels include:
- Developing REDD+ Reference Emission Levels (RELs)
- Development and implementation of jurisdictional and national REDD+ Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system
- Identification and spatial mapping of drivers of degradation, deforestation and forest change
- Identification of REDD+ intervention activities
- Multi-stakeholder engagement and validation of RELs and intervention plans
- Development of REDD+ Project Design Documents (PDDs)
- Development of Safeguards Information System (SIS) and Benefit Sharing Mechanism
- Multi-tier training of Forest Department personnel and communities
- Developing Public-private partnerships and REDD+ financing strategies.
External Technical Expert of TUV Nord in Sector 14.1 (Forestry) in Validation and Verification Activities
TUV Nord entered into an agreement with IORA for providing External Technical Experts to the Validation and Verification Team of TUV as and when required. As a part of this understanding, IORA has already provided its services in the CDM verification activity of registered Small Scale A/R project “Agro-forestry Interventions” in Koraput district of Odisha.
|Client Name||TUV Nord|
Partnership for Land Use Science (Forest-PLUS) Program
IORA is a key in-country partner of the Forest PLUS Program, which is a bilateral USAID and MoEFCC initiative. The Program aims to build REDD+ readiness in India through ecosystem management, REDD+ MRV and PPP initiatives. The Program is led by Tetra Tech ARD.
Under the Forest PLUS Program, IORA, in association with the Michigan State University (MSU), is developing a national Forest Carbon MRV system for India. IORA is also leading the development of a national PPP and convergence framework for REDD+ in India and leading the development of four REDD+ pilots; two jurisdictional REDD+ projects and one landscape level project. IORA is partnering with MSU, Forest Survey of India (FSI) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) to design advanced algorithms for remote sensing analysis using optical and radar data for forest type identification, degradation and deforestation mapping.
Our interventions include designing systems for assessment of forest health across types and landscapes, building human and institutional capacity, developing and deploying improved scientific methods for carbon inventory and reference baselines, actively engaging stakeholders, facilitating public private partnerships in the forestry sector and developing pilot voluntary community based REDD+ projects across four chosen landscapes in India.
|Location||Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim|
|Duration||2012 – 2017|
|Client Name||Tetra Tech ARD|
India‘s First REDD+ Project in Garo Hills
IORA, in association with the Wildlife Trust of India (WTI), North Eastern Hill University (NEHU) and Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (IISc), developed a community-based REDD+ project to address shifting cultivation trends in the Garo Hills, Meghalaya.
This project focused on conserving tranches of high biodiversity forests in the Garo Hills districts of Meghalaya, which are facing an imminent threat of clearance. These areas are also part of elephant corridors. Activities implemented under this project included evaluation of services provided by the forests and aligning rural livelihood options in the area with the objective of conserving forest stock.
The project area spanned a south-east to north-west trending corridor, extending from Balpakram National Park in South Garo Hills to Tura in West Garo Hills. The project land is owned and managed by local community organizations.
|Client Name||Wildlife Trust of India|
India Specific REDD+ Methodology
IORA with GIZ India is developing a REDD+ARR Methodology as per Verified Carbon Standard. This Methodology can be used for developing REDD+ projects in those landscapes facing mosaic deforestation and degradation, such as India.
The key tasks involved in developing a REDD+ Methodology include analyzing the diverse factors affecting forest stock and ensuring that these factors are easily captured by a project developer without compromising on accuracy or precision. Various aspects including mapping of drivers and agents of forest change, development of baselines, quantification of emissions from pools, stakeholder engagements and establishment of monitoring structures are explicitly detailed in this Methodology. This Methodology tries to tap into existing data sources to help project developers bring down transaction costs while developing REDD+ projects efficiently.
|Duration||2014 – 2017|
|Client Name||GIZ India|
Analyzing Feasibility of REDD+ on HCV Forests in Indonesia and Malaysia
IORA provided consultancy services to Standard Bank, Singapore and Sime Darby Corporation, Malaysia to analyze the feasibility of developing REDD+ projects in High Conservation Value (HCV) lands adjoining Palm Oil plantations in various provinces.
|Location||Indonesia and Malaysia|
|Duration||2010 – 2010|
|Client Name||Standard Bank, Singapore and Sime Darby Corporation|
Fostering Community Forest Management in Nagaland
IORA, in collaboration with TERI, developed a community-based forest conservation project with emphasis on livelihood benefits from sustainable land use practices in the PKR(Phenstunyu Khenyu Rumesinyu) Reserve in Nagaland. The project aimed to improve rural livelihood through sustainable management of forest, forest conservation, and enhancement of forest carbon stock and production of long-term verifiable voluntary emission reductions by carbon sequestration. The interventions have resulted in reduced pressure on natural resources in the community reserve forest land.The project also studied potential markets for carbon and other ecosystems services to benefit Nagaland’s communities. The project was developed using the Plan Vivo Standard.
|Duration||2013 – 2014|
Development of REDD+ Reference Policy Document
IORA supported the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC), Government of India to develop a REDD+ Reference policy document for India. The document describes the issues and concepts related to definitions as well as approaches to construct a national forest reference level based on forest inventories and remotely sensed information on the extent of forest area in accordance with the national circumstances. IORA contributed to designing the institutional arrangement for REDD+ in India and assigned roles and responsibilities to different government and other organizations, including MoEFCC, Forest Survey of India (FSI), Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE), State Forest Department, Joint Forest Management (JFM) Committees, Panchayats and Gram Sabhas, etc. IORA also designed governance and safeguard mechanisms to ensure that REDD+ implementation supports the rights of local communities and indigenous people (tribals) along with conserving the biodiversity in natural forests.
|Client Name||MoEFCC, Government of India (GoI)|
Review of Report: UNEP’s International Resource Panel Working Group on REDD+
IORA peer-reviewed the report on UNEP’s International Resource Panel Working Group on REDD+ which is a concise summary of the elements necessary for integrating REDD+ into a Green Economy. It provides policy makers with innovative ideas for supporting economic development while maintaining or increasing forest cover and alleviating poverty.
|Client Name||United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)|
Developing REDD+ Strategy for Tripura Forest Development and Plantation Corporation (TFDPC)
IORA conducted a REDD+ feasibility study and developed REDD+ strategies under regulatory and voluntary carbon markets for TFDPC’s rubber plantations that span across degraded forest landsTripura. The study focused on engaging local communities in scientific management of rubber plantation and this contributing significantly to an increase in local livelihoods and improvement in people’s wellbeing. IORA further evaluated the impact of these strategies on biodiversity.
|Client Name||Tripura Forest Development & Plantation Corporation Ltd. (TFDPC)|
REDD+ Capacity Building for North Eastern States of India
IORA, in partnership with the North Eastern Hill University (NEHU), conducted a capacity building and REDD+ project identification exercise for all the States in North-eastern India. The exercise resulted in enhanced knowledge of REDD+ amongst the State Forest Department (SFD) officials and identification of several potential projects.
|Client Name||North Eastern Hill University (NEHU), Meghalaya|
UPPFMPAP Joint Forest Management Carbon Sequestration Project
IORA, in collaboration with TERI and the Uttar Pradesh Forest Department, developed ten CDM projects which are being managed by JFMC The projects are aimed at restoring degraded forests and improving local livelihoods by focusing on JFMC plantations and community development.
|Duration||2013 – 2015|
|Client Name||The Energy Research Institute and Uttar Pradesh Forest Department|
Analyzing Forest Carbon Accounts for Sustainable Policy Option with Special Reference to Livelihood Issues
IORA partnered with and received support from IIFM and Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC), Department of Science and Technology (DST), GoI for the project “Analyzing Forest Carbon Accounts for Sustainable Policy Option with Special Reference to Livelihood Issues”. The project evaluated the livelihood options of forest-dependent communities and forest ecosystem services, and developed models to trace correlations between rural livelihoods and the carbon stock of surrounding forests.
|Location||Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh|
|Duration||2010 – 2014|
|Client Name||Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC), Department of Science and Technology, Government of India|
India’s First REDD+ Manual for Practitioners
IORA, in association with IIFM and MoEFCC, designed a REDD+ Manual which is intended to serve as a quick-access guide for forestry practitioners and end users, bring considerable clarity on REDD+ concepts and issues, and initiate actions for REDD+ readiness with a focus on India.
|Client Name||Indian Institute of Forest Management (IIFM) & MoEFCC, GoI|
Estimation of Potential Value of Ecosystem Services and Development of REDD+ Project for Assam
IORA is developing a pilot Jurisdictional REDD+ project in Assam. It will enable a successful integration of sustainable forest management interventions with special emphasis on income generation and livelihood security of forest dependent communities.
IORA will assist in setting up an interdepartmental REDD+ Cell and a departmental REDD+ Task Force in the State. IORA will also conduct socio-economic, ecological and Land Use and Land Cover analyses to develop a REDD+ baseline. The monitoring plan will be developed after elaborate consultations with stakeholders. All these activities will culminate in the development of a Jurisdictional REDD+ project with an appropriate design so as to leverage national and international financing. IORA will also train forest department personnel on REDD+ activities. This shall enable the state to take over the management of the project post exit of consulting support of the REDD+ project.
|Client Name||Assam Projects on Forest and Biodiversity Conservation Society (APFBC)|
Odisha Forestry Sector Development Project (OFSDP) Phase II
IORA engaged in a preparatory survey to prepare plans for REDD+ related activities including estimation of the cost and carbon benefit/emission reduction in partnership by JICA with Nippon Koei India Pvt. Ltd. under Phase II of Odisha Forestry Sector Development Project (OFSDP) approved by Govt. of India in Feb. 2016. The Phase-II of the project has been envisaged to be implemented in 18 districts and 15 Forest Divisions with the objectives of improving forest eco-system by promoting sustainable forest management mainly consisting of tribal communities. It has been targeted to improve 4.8 lakh ha of degraded forest, and develop 50,000 ha of farm forestry. Besides, 11 forest divisions covered in 1st phase have also been included for up-scaling income generating activities and livelihood support.
|Duration||2016 – 2016|
|Client Name||Nippon Koei India Pvt. Ltd.& JICA|